1 Corinthians 8:6
yet to us there is one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we unto him; and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things, and we through him. (ASV)
The context for this verse is:
1 Corinthians 8 4 Therefore concerning the eating of things offered to idols, we know that an idol is nothing in the world, and that there is no other God but one. 5 For even if there are so-called gods, whether in heaven or on earth (as there are many gods and many lords), 6 yet for us there is one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we for Him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, through whom are all things, and through whom we live.
Paul clearly argues in this passage that there is one god who is God, the Father. This was contrary to the beliefs of many Jews who throughout their history are described in the Old Testament as worshiping many gods. Thus, we read that the prophets of the Old Testament continually beseeched the Jews to turn away from their gods/idols and serve the one, true God. Paul does the same here. The Scriptures consistently promote the idea that there is but one god and that god is that entity that made himself known to Moses and the prophets.
NEUTRAL is correct in noting that, contrary to the Scriptural view of God, the Jews believed in (or at least worshiped) many gods. The erroneous Jewish beliefs involve no error in the Scriptures which accurately point out that the Jews believed in many gods.
Edit this section to note miscellaneous facts.
There's no contradiction between the texts. The contraditions lie between the (1) I Cor. 8:6 passage and a theoretical history of the Yahvists and (2) a contestable interpretation of Deuteronomy 32:8.
Interesting side note: The Mormons use this passage as a proof text for their doctine pertaining to men becoming gods.
The following has been moved from Pro to Neutral:
"Contrary to this (and contrary to the belief of many Christian and Jewish apologists), the Hebrews formerly believed in the existence of many gods. See the Deuteronomy 32:8 article for more on this."
Reason for move = This is an Observation and not an argument for error.